See the background, use cases, and examples for general concept inclusion axioms as well as explanation of the definition status at General Concept Inclusion 0.01.
Reference the SNOMED International Authoring Platform User Guide for technical information describing how to add an additional axiom and general concept inclusion.
A concept with GCIs will display in the browser in the stated view only.
Below is 417163006 | Traumatic or non-traumatic injury (disorder)| in the stated view with the GCIs appearing to the right of the concept:
Here is the same concept in the inferred view without the GCIs appearing:
General concept inclusions allow multiple definitions of a concept. A group of subtypes may be defined using GCIs and be considered subtypes of the parent concept without fully defining that parent concept. That parent concept could have multiple definitions, each of which is valid but none of which completely describes the parent concept on its own.
When modeling a concept that will be classified under a GCI-modeled concept, there is no need to add the GCI-modeled concept as a stated parent, even if that GCI concept is primitive, because subsumption still occurs due to the GCI axiom.
The diagram below shows Lumbarized first sacral vertebra (disorder) incorrectly modeled on the right, with a stated primitive GCI-modeled parent of Transitional lumbosacral vertebra (disorder). Transitional lumbosacral vertebra (disorder) is modeled with a GCI, as notified by the salmon pink color. The left side of the diagram shows the inferred view with two parents.
The GCI-modeled primitive concept, Transitional lumbosacral vertebra (disorder), is unnecessary to state as a parent. The diagram below shows correct modeling of Lumbarized first sacral vertebra (disorder) with the absence of Transitional lumbosacral vertebra (disorder) as a parent, and yet the inferred view diagram on the left is still the same as compared to the incorrectly modeled diagram above.
Alternatively, if a GCI-modeled parent will not subsume an appropriate child concept, then the GCI-modeled concept should be stated as a primitive supertype.
781076008 |Metastatic malignant neoplasm to colon and/or rectum (disorder)| must have the GCI-modeled parent concept of Malignant neoplasm of colon and/or rectum (disorder), also shown in salmon pink, stated as a primitive supertype, or else the concept would not be subsumed by Malignant neoplasm of colon and/or rectum (disorder). Because Metastatic malignant neoplasm to colon and/or rectum (disorder) is a disjunctive, it requires the GCI similar to its parent. However, its subtypes of Metastatic malignant neoplasm to colon (disorder) and Metastatic malignant neoplasm to rectum (disorder) do not require either GCI-modeled concept as a stated parent, because each will be subsumed appropriately with a stated parent of Disease (disorder).
Finally, the example below of 82271004 |Injury of head (disorder)| illustrates a concept with a GCI-modeled supertype of 417163006 |Traumatic or non-traumatic injury (disorder)|. In this case, the concept Injury of head (disorder) is sufficiently defined.
Though most are primitive, it is possible to define concepts modeled with GCIs. A concept must continue to meet the necessary conditions in order to be considered defined. GCIs can be added to extend the subtypes a defined concept will infer when appropriate.