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Date

20240412

Document Version

1.0

Release Status

PRODUCTION

 © 2024 International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation. All rights reserved. SNOMED CT® was originally created by the College of American Pathologists.

© 2024 Nutrition Care Process Terminology, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (the Academy). All rights reserved

This document forms part of the SNOMED CT® NCPT Refset Production package distributed by International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation, trading as SNOMED International, and is subject to the SNOMED CT® Affiliate License, details of which may be found at https://www.snomed.org/snomed-ct/get-snomed

No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, or stored in any kind of retrieval system, except by an Affiliate of SNOMED International in accordance with the SNOMED CT® Affiliate License. Any modification of this document (including without limitation the removal or modification of this notice) is prohibited without the express written permission of SNOMED International.

Any copy of this document that is not obtained directly from SNOMED International [or a Member of SNOMED International] is not controlled by SNOMED International, and may have been modified and may be out of date. Any recipient of this document who has received it by other means is encouraged to obtain a copy directly from SNOMED International [or a Member of SNOMED International. Details of the Members of SNOMED International may be found at http://www.snomed.org/members/].

Access within SNOMED International member countries is provided by the national release centre in each country, via the relevant Member page(linked).

A human readable version of the refset is available from Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics along with the equivalence table - both are available for download from the Academy’s website: www.nutritioncareprocess.org.

Users of the refset must comply with the licensing agreements of either the Academy or SNOMED International, or both - according to the users' individual requirements. 







Page At A Glance

1 Introduction

The Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) Nutrition Reference Set is a product agreed as part of a collaboration agreement between the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (the Academy) and the International Health Terminology Standards Organisation (IHTSDO), trading as SNOMED International. NCPT content has been incorporated into SNOMED CT and is being released as a reference set by SNOMED International on behalf of the Academy. This production release is based on NCPT 2020, which is available at www.nutritioncareprocess.org.

2 Background

An initial group of countries approached SNOMED International to include the Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) in SNOMED CT. Realising the importance of having a global nutrition language, in 2018 a formal relationship was established between SNOMED and the Academy to advance terminology harmonisation and foster interoperability in health information systems. This work is resulting in the release of this reference set that contains NCPT nutrition problems from the Clinical Finding and Situation with Explicit Context hierarchies. A future release of the reference set will contain the complete content of nutrition concepts in the NCPT. 

The Academy initiated a review of its role in health informatics globally, enabling them to develop a strategy for supporting nutrition globally. It is this review which lead to the agreement between the Academy and SNOMED International, with the following key components:

  • NCPT 2020 incorporated into SNOMED CT
  • SNOMED International to maintain and distribute NCPT Reference Set as a SNOMED reference set
  • The Academy to retain ownership of NCPT – SNOMED International to retain ownership of SNOMED CT
  • The Academy to continue to lead on NCPT clinical development over time and its quality assurance through Academy terminology processes
  • Free for use in SNOMED International member countries

The Academy has established the Nutrition Care Process and Terminology Committee through which decisions on the content of NCPT are made and authoring guidelines are maintained. The Nutrition Care Process and Terminology Committee has put in place a mechanism for requesting changes and additions to NCPT reference set - for more information please contact ncp@eatright.org.

3 Motivation

The key drivers for this approach are:

  • To ensure that nutrition remains connected to the wider health information landscape globally
  • To ensure that SNOMED CT continues to adequately reflect global nutrition practice
  • To ensure that information collected using NCPT can link to SNOMED CT encoded records and be shared with other healthcare professionals to support the care of individuals
  • To capture nutrition care in a standardised way thus avoiding local mapping which will lead to inconsistency
  • To facilitate the sharing of the Academy-based nutrition care process (NCP) and terminology information in a standardised way to support delivery of patient care, usage for research purposes and participation in health policy making

The NCPT, and therefore this reference set, is a terminology that enables dietitians to describe and report their nutrition practice in a systematic way using the NCP. The resulting outcome is high quality nutrition care using a standarised quality improvement process to support care and effective decision-making, and to inform nutrition education and health policy. 

NCPT is intended for use by and for dietitians. The Academy has been able to focus attention on the development of NCPT specifically for the nutrition care process. This has resulted in a rich and comprehensive resource that dietitians can use to systematically provide tailored patient care and describe and report in detail the things that they assess (diagnoses e.g. inadequate intake of iron) and the things that they do (interventions e.g. counselling). The potential benefits of a consistent approach to capturing nutrition data using the NCPT are far-reaching. Broad adoption and use of the NCP and NCPT worldwide is supported by extensive resources (www.nutritioncareprocess.org). However, dietitians do not practice in isolation, they practice alongside many other disciplines. One of the potential risks of a specific nutrition-focus is that nutrition will be somehow disconnected from a larger health information landscape, hence the integration of NCPT into SNOMED CT. 

4 Future releases

The SNOMED NCPT reference set is released April 2024 as planned and contains NCPT nutrition problems from the Clinical Finding and Situation with Explicit Context hierarchies.  It has been agreed with the Academy that the next release of the SNOMED NCPT reference set will be April 2025 and will contain the complete NCPT (ie, nutrition assessment observations, nutrition diagnosis findings, nutrition intervention procedures) and then be maintained annually in April. This supports changes to the release cycles of derivatives at SNOMED International and will also allow the Academy a further period to collect and agree additions to NCPT which are being proposed by users through the Nutrition Care Process and Terminology Committee. This heralds the start of an annual update cycle by the Academy, ensuring that the NCPT refset remains current and in line with global nutrition practice.

It should be noted that the content of the NCPT Refset (April 2024) will be included in the free for use Global Patient Set which will be issued later in 2024 by SNOMED International.

5 Design

The decisions about additions and changes to SNOMED CT as a result of the incorporation of NCPT 2020 into SNOMED CT has been directed by the advice given by subject matter experts from both organisations and also members of Nutrition Care Process and Terminology Committee and its subcommittees at the Academy. To ensure fit with international requirements and other sources of terminology, the SNOMED International Nutrition and Dietetics Clinical Reference Group has also provided advise and expertise.

This work provided an opportunity for the Academy to review and make decisions about the content of NCPT 2020. 

6 Versions

The version of NCPT used in this reference set is the 2020 NCPT release.

The version of SNOMED CT used is the January 2024 International Release.

7 Effective Date

The Refset is aligned to the January 2024 SNOMED CT International Release.  The effectiveTime for the content has therefore been set to 20240101 (1st January 2024). 

8 Feedback

Feedback should be sent jointly to info@snomed.org and ncp@eatright.org. Feedback should include any comments relating to implementation, suggestions for future content inclusion or general observations regarding the subset.

9 Technical Notes

9.1 RF2 package format

The RF2 package convention dictates that it contains all relevant files, regardless of whether or not there is content to be included in each particular release.  Therefore, the package contains a mixture of files which contain both header rows and content data, and also files that are intentionally left blank (including only a header record).  The reason that these files are not removed from the package is to draw a clear distinction between:

  1. ...files that have been deprecated (and therefore removed from the package completely), due to the content no longer being relevant to RF2 in this or future releases, and 
  2. ...files that just happen to contain no data in this particular release (and are therefore included in the package but left blank, with only a header record), but are still relevant to RF2, and could therefore potentially contain data in future releases.

This allows users to easily distinguish between files that have purposefully been removed or not, as otherwise if files in option 2 above were left out of the package it could be interpreted as an error, rather than an intentional lack of content in that release.

9.2 First Time Release

This is the first Release of the Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) Refset package, based on the Refset concept:

  • 1303282009 |Nutrition Care Process Terminology reference set (foundation metadata concept)|

For this reason, the Full + Snapshot files will be identical to each other, as there is no other historical data to include in the Full files. 

9.3 Metadata now incorporated into the Derivative Packages

After consultation in 2023, SNOMED International are in the process of improving our Derivative release packages by including the relevant metadata in the Derivative packages, as well as in the International Edition.

These Derivatives are solely single refsets/maps, and so don’t mean anything to end users without the supporting terms and other components from the International content.  The nature of these products is therefore such that we necessarily create Derivative packages that are inherently dependent on the relevant International Edition content.  Previously, therefore, we have always created the metadata components (refset/module concepts, descriptions, relationships, etc) in the International Edition release packages, with the Derivative products being dependent on the relevant International content.  Whilst this dependency on the International content would continue, the transition would involve the inclusion the metadata components in the Derivative packages themselves, as well as in the International Edition packages. 

The consensus is that including the Metadata components in the Derivative packages will bring benefits to both the Derivative maintainers, and also to the end users who will no longer need to pull this particular data down from the dependent International Edition in order to use the Derivative products.   It enables maintainers to move to a more efficient model of hosting the Derivative content in termServer branches, rather than importing Delta files from external tools.  They are included for additional information, and do not have to be consumed - so please utilise them as required.

This means that from the 2024 NCPT release onwards, it will include additional metadata components that used to reside solely in the International Edition.  These will include the NCPT module concept + description records, etc.

If you have any feedback on the metadata components, please contact SNOMED International on release@snomed.org




Approvals


Final Version

Date

Approver

Comments

1.0

 

Jane MillarApproved





Download .pdf here:





Draft Amendment History


Version

Date

Editor

Comments

0.1

 

Andrew AtkinsonInitial version
1.0

 

Elaine WoolerFinal updates


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